Rigveda, Rgveda, Rig-Veda = The Sacred Text of the Sacred Knowledge
Introduction to the Rigveda and the Rgvedaschool
The Rigveda is widely acknowledged as the oldest book in the world, and this is an extremely accurate translation of it. In fact, it is so accurate it reveals a religious teaching completely unknown upon the earth today. In a way, that attests to how ancient the book is. There are also references to the Rigveda in many of the other old spiritual texts from India, such as the Bhagavad Gita, the Srimad Bhagavatam, and the Upanishads. Yaska wrote the oldest known commentary around 600 BC and he said the Rigveda was obscure and meaningless. He was a Sanskrit scholar, so even by that time; the knowledge advanced in the text had disappeared from the earth. The Rigveda is very old; in fact, it is of the Oral Tradition that has existed since the dawn of creation since the primal winds create the sounds that create the universe.
The Oral Tradition is an essential aspect of the teaching. Knowing the True Path is a good beginning for religious students of any faith, but to bring about enlightenment and freedom from suffering, they must live according to the teaching and master the vocal techniques. Brahma, the Creator of the Universe, says that that is the only way to heaven and the Maker knows that like none other. The primary element in the universe is the wind, and to create the wind, Brahma splits into two, male and female, heaven and earth, day and night, yes and no, good and bad, hot and cold, this and that, and so on. Duality creates the wind for movement, and when a cold wind meets a hot on a summer day, the power is evident. This duality forms the universe for people to move about in, have relationships, and reproduce. Duality also gives people the ability to think, because without duality there is nothing to compare. Duality is essential for life but causes an illusion of separation for overcoming to attain the Heavenly State, and that is the critical part of this teaching. Breath is also a duality, but by mastering inhalation and exhalation, the delusion is overcome.
Atman is the Sanskrit name of the life giving aspect of the air we breathe. Atman refers to the principal of life and sensation, the transcendent unitary self, a witness, the breath, soul, or spirit. The breath rules the world and fits the definition of God perfectly, nothing happens without the breath and the moment the breath stops, life and sensation stop. Every movement in the universe requires the wind and for humans the wind comes with the breath. All God’s creatures are family and live upon the same air, and the Sacred Teaching of Heaven is to be kind and helpful to every creature that cries and grasps for the breath.
It is said that Shrila Vyasadeva put the Rigveda into writing to preserve it through the Kaliyuga, the Age of Vice and Discord that began around 700 BC and ended around 1700 AD. The Kaliyuga is also called the Age of Darkness because no enlightened being graces the earth during the period. It is an unfortunate time, but luckily, we are now in the very early phase of the second age called Dvaparayuga, and it coincides with the Age of Aquarius. The word Aquarius means Water Bearer and with enlightenment, a commitment to serve the knowledge and water to everyone. The Second Age will last a little over two thousand years and people will slowly come to have a more peaceful, spiritual way of life. Ignorance will remain a powerful force upon the earth for a long time to come, but to help lead the way out is the world’s oldest scripture. With the mastery of this teaching, a Water Bearer will arise and be glowing with light for serving the people of the earth. This will illustrate the Path to Heaven and Brahma will be present to present the teaching to be together in heavenly bliss.
The whole of the Rigveda is massive and contains over one thousand hymns grouped into eight sections and ten books. A translation of the Sanskrit word Rig is Sacred Text and Veda is Sacred Knowledge. The Rigveda is the oldest of the four Vedas; the Sama, Yajur, and Atharvaveda comprise the other three. They are written in the ancient language of Sanskrit, which incidentally, serves as the root of most western languages, including English. Many religions hold the Sanskrit Language in very high regard, as adherents who speak many languages, exclusively recite the Holy Mantras in Sanskrit. Devanagari is the name of the written script of the alphabet and the word Deva means divine, heavenly, or God, and Nagara is a written character. By the way, Naga is a teacher or a serpent (of wisdom).
The Rgvedaschool has translated verses from all of the most important ancient spiritual texts, the root texts to all the major religions, and discovered that the Creator is the author of all of them. The true teaching of the texts is different from the religions they are associated with today but identical to the philosophy presented here. The Rigveda, however, is unique among the texts because it is a dialogue between Brahma and a Rishi, a Seer. A Rishi is also a title like a Buddha, King, Messiah, Magi, and so on, and the reason no other text is a dialogue, is because the linage ended before the beginning of the Kaliyuga.
The philosophy advanced by the Rgvedaschool disappeared as a recognized religion many thousands of years ago, judging by an almost complete loss of its knowledge today. If all the religions of the earth today formed one religion, it would be closer to the philosophy, but still, very important parts of the teaching would be missing. The Rigveda is considered the root of Hinduism while the primary focus of the text is the attainment of enlightenment, to become a Buddha, and hence, Buddhism.
Current day Buddhism traces its roots to Gautama Buddha, or Shakyamuni Buddha, but he was of the lineage of Angiras associated with the Rigveda, and specifically, to the Gotama Rahugana Family. I am of the opinion that Shakyamuni was the grandchild of Gotama Rahugana, which means that the last Buddha to walk the earth must have lived at least 1,000 years earlier than believed. Even though the teaching in the Rigveda is the Path to Enlightenment, it is significantly different from the current teaching of the various schools of Buddhism.
The Rishis associated with this text were of the lineage and sometimes called the Shining Ones. Hiranyastupa Angiras, Savya Angiras, and Kutsa Angiras are three Rishis associated with the first book of the Rigveda utilizing the name. Many writers mention a lineage of seven or ten families, but a translation of the word Angiras is Rishi. I should also mention that the Sanskrit word hiranya means gold, and a stupa is a Buddhist structure containing relics, and because of that, to view the Rigveda as a root text of Hinduism is silly.
Shakyamuni was either a descendant of King Suddhodana, the leader of the Shakya clan, or a descendant of Sage Angirasa, Gautama Maharishi. Interestingly, all of the names are titles for one purified by the knowledge of the Rigveda. The word sudda in Sanskrit means purified, complete, faultless, and the word udana refers to the five vital airs within a person, or emitting a breath upwards. The word King is another name of a Buddha and the names Gautama or Gotama refer to a Rishi.
Shakyamuni had the two birth names of Angirasa and Siddhatha, and after becoming a Buddha, the titles of Angirasa Kumara, the Awakened One, the Master, and so on were attained. The word Siddha in Sanskrit means one who is accomplished, perfected, or in other words, a Buddha. Before becoming a Buddha, Siddhatha married Yashodhara and she gave birth to a single child who they named Rahu, possibly in honor of Siddhatha’s earthly grandfather, Gotama Rahugaṇa. Unfortunately, Rahu died before becoming a Buddha so Shakyamuni was the last Buddha to walk the earth.
The Rigveda is connected with the Indus Valley Civilization of Northwestern India, Eastern Pakistan and Northeastern Afghanistan. People have inhabited the area for a long time since rock shelters have been dated to 100,000 years, but about 8,000 years ago, a civilization began which flourished on a massive scale a few thousand years later. Today, archeologists have discovered over 2,500 towns buried under sand in an area encompassing 300,000 square miles. Some believe there were over 5,000 urban sites in the area. Some, like Harappa or Mohenjo-Daro, were among the largest cities in the ancient world. Harappa is believed to have had a population of twenty thousand people, and the Indus Valley Civilization over five million. The Sarasvati River flowed through this area with a vast system of tributaries that nourished the land. Its source was in the Himalayan Mountains, and the belief is, that around 1900 BC a series of devastating earthquakes occurred and the river all but dried up. Parts of the Sarasvati still exist as the Ghaggar-Hakra River but the area that once flourished with life is now the Great Indian Desert.
Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro were well-designed towns. The brick houses were one or two stories, with running water and bathrooms. Sewage drained into a sewer system under the streets, and interestingly, a better system than is currently in use in many parts of the world. The largest structure in Mohenjo-Daro is a public bath and since there are no fortifications for safety, one assumes its inhabitants felt safe. The people have been described as being utilitarian, conservative, and peaceful, just how followers of the Rigveda would act. Interestingly, one of the earliest Buddhist Stupas survives in Harappa.
When the Sarasvati River dried up the culture moved east to Uttar Pradesh, then later to the fertile valleys of the Ganges River. Some of the Rishis headed to the state of Bihar in Northern India, and that is where the last Buddha appeared. Bodh Gaya in Bihar is known as the birthplace of Buddhism, when in fact, it signaled the end. When Buddha ascended to heaven, the path to overcome suffering vanished from the earth.
Since that time, life upon the earth has been difficult. Life during the Kaliyuga was hard and dangerous and the cruelest of human behavior reached a pinnacle during the time. Human sacrifice was the religious norm for the misguided, but for those who are interested, the Kaliyuga is over and the Sacred Knowledge has reappeared. It gives a wealth of practical guidance for living happily and healthily upon the earth, and hopefully, sparking the aspiration to abandon the world (our prison) and attain the Enlightened State for people, to encourage them to live happily and peacefully together. It is not easy to live according to the teaching, but being kind and helpful to others makes sense since we are all family, and how else to live together in harmony. The text says to give everything away to the community and live in the woods to be close to the Master and become a Master just as. Unfortunately, there is no Master to learn from today, but for guidance, Brahma says that attainment is difficult, but practice brings success.
Like many other languages around the world, the Sanskrit alphabet begins with the letter A. The sound is like the ‘a’ in father or the ‘u’ in up, and it is an expression of surprise, delight, satisfaction, pain, and so on. The sound of ‘a’ is a natural expression of the body, but because it is holy, we write it as AH. When you pronounce ‘a’ or AH you might notice that there is a little puff of air at the end. That puff of air is called visarga, and it is the final vowel of the Sanskrit alphabet and written as h or ha. Some scholars say it is pronounced, and some say it is not… aha.
AH is the first sound in the universe and everything is derived and sustained by it. The Supreme Sacred Sound of the Creator is unbroken, eternal, and comes with the breath to all living beings in the fourth note of the musical scale, the key of F. People normally do not hear that sound, but a hissing sound, but if you inhale the breath quickly and forcefully through the nose, you might. If you stop and think about it, you might realize that you have heard and made the sound of AH a million times and the experience will likely be the same for every person around the world. All God’s Creatures make the sound. The inarticulate syllable of AH often accompanies the first breath of life, often quite forcefully. In the very act of creating life, a loving couple might utter the syllable repeatedly. Take a drink of water on a warm day, miss a nail and hit your finger with a hammer, find a solution to a problem, and the sound of AH just might happen by itself. AH is a universal phenomenon.
Brahma is like the sun, but supreme and the rays of the sun are called Sushumna, the name often given to the central psychic channel in the human body connecting heaven and earth. Heaven and earth exist outside the body for a place to live and aspire to, and within the body along with the Supreme, albeit sleeping. Sunrise is an especially sacred time because Mother Earth (Lakshmi), Father Sky (Vishnu), and Brahma (as the sun) are together forming the Divine Triad for all to see. Brahma is three-in-one and the breath is also three; a breath from heaven to inhale to live on, a breath to exhale, and through the mastery of the teaching, the Supreme will awaken and arise within the body with the Holy Breath to live on with a light for all to see. Symbolically the sunrise represents the beginning, awakening, and enlightenment occurs at dawn. Practitioners of this philosophy arise before the sun for prostrations, mantra recitation, and meditation. Savitri means stimulator or vivifier (to bring to life). It is the name of the sun before dawn, and such is the time to receive the divine influence of the sun.
The philosophy has many names, such as the Vedic School, the Middle Way, the Path, the Good Path to Good Fortune, the Knowledge of Giving, the Philosophical System of AH, and so on. A philosophy is a theory of the principles or laws regulating the universe and knowledge and a system is an arrangement of things connected to forming a unity or a whole and for that, a course of conduct is given. Rishi Kanva Ghora was the founder of the Vedic School and he composed Chapter 8 of the First Mandala of the Rigveda in partnership with the Supreme Spirit. The Sacred Text of the Veda is a call to become a Saint, a Wonderworker, a tireless promoter of unity among all people, and to go towards and help the disadvantaged and the disturbed of the world is the Religious Calling.
There are many titles for the spiritually enlightened, but the only way to attain a title is to master the philosophy and abandon the ego. The text says that it takes virtue and going beyond, and this is the teaching all Enlightened Beings adhered to in the past. The Rigveda, similar to all the ancient spiritual texts of the world, refers to a Buddha as the highest state a human can attain.
The stillness of heaven is everlasting and opposite to the state of movement upon the earth, so the Holy Text beckons us to stop and abandon the mortal condition and life after life of suffering for a state of peace. We do not have to look very far to find tremendous suffering in the world. Look around, or listen to the news, and you will find a world in turmoil. People are quick to anger, and fight, and kill, with little regard for the life of others. It is sad, but killing has been encouraged in some earthy religions of the past, just as today. Some misguided zealots today yell “God is great” in the very act of killing. Yes, indeed, it is a mixed up world, and when looking for an illustration of hell, look no further. It is here, so if a person is not following the Heavenly Path, after death, the destination will be here, the Hereafter. It is an endless cycle of living and dying here until one adheres to the resolve to abandon the mortal condition. Here on the earth, a precious opportunity exists for cutting the bind, and heavenly bliss will be the reward. The purpose of the teaching is to rise up and go beyond, for the wisdom to serve the lowest.
In this text is the rationale for making a serious life change, and for the most serious change, escape worldly existence by quitting, withdrawing, and mastering the teaching. Without that, there is a one-hundred percent chance of being reborn of a mother, not necessarily in a safe place, and not necessarily human. It depends upon what you do now.
The Sacred Teaching has disappeared as a recognized religion, but it is still around. My significant other just came home from the Farmer’s Market, where she met a person sewing dollar bills together for the common good. She gave the person a dollar and received a certificate that says, “Thank you for your investment in the idea that we are all in this together!” Well, that is the Sacred Teaching. As she walked in, I was listening to Buju Banton’s CD called Before the Dawn, and in some of the songs, he sings the Sacred Teaching. When I turned on the CD player, letters of light displayed the word “Hello.” Well, the teaching says that it is a virtue to stop in the presence of another and say hello for that is how two people come together. Groups of real living Superheroes are beginning to appear in many big cities around the country, and they are practicing the teaching of unselfish giving to others. They generally hide behind masks because what they do is more important than who they are. That is the Sacred Teaching. They roam the cities going towards the homeless and disadvantaged to help, to give water and other necessities. That is the teaching, and today, they are living examples of the oldest philosophy upon the earth. If you want to see the teaching, avoid the lavish halls of worship and hit the streets, for there you will find the teaching of caring for others in action.
This introduction is meant to give you a foundation to begin your travels on the Path to Riches. I have covered some of the basics, but the verses will take you beyond. Let me repeat, this is a beginning, there is much to discover but I have discovered that through seeking one will find. If a verse does not make sense at first, read it over, and over again. I have to do that, and meditation, but to come to an understanding of the teaching is very important, and more so, to act upon.
All of the verses of the Rigveda are composed in meter. There are over thirty different meters and here are the three most common. The first line of the Gayatri meter has sixteen syllables and the second line has eight. Both lines of Jagati have twenty-four syllables, and both lines of Trishtubh have twenty-two. Knowing the meter of a verse is important for chanting, but also helpful for the preservation of the text. The Sacred Text was passed on orally, generation-to-generation for a long time before writing, and there are checks in the text to help a devotee remember. Over time, a syllable has disappeared here and there, but the Sanskrit version of the Rigveda we have today is amazingly accurate.
The meter and the Rishi associated with each verse is identified, along with a Romanized transliteration of the Sanskrit verse so that English speakers can read and chant in either Sanskrit or English. Singing the mantras in Sanskrit is hugely popular, but the school recommends singing, chanting, or recitation in English so that people learn the Sacred Teaching.
The school uses its own dictionary for translation, although ninety-nine percent of the words are from the Sanskrit-English Dictionary by Sir Monier Monier-Williams. The dictionary was published in 1899 and H.H. Wilson, who is credited with the first English translation of the Rigveda, was instrumental in its coming to fruition. He had previously published a Sanskrit dictionary, but before his death, he turned over all reference material to Monier-Williams. The school utilizes the dictionary meaning in the translations with very little alteration and this gives the verses a certain flavor. The sentence structure of the Maker is a little different than English speakers are accustomed too, but is similarly understandable.
The Superintendent of Schools is the Creator of the Universe, and the Headmaster of the Rgvedaschool is the Awakened One. Today the Headmaster position is vacant; I am the Trustee until one arises from the mortal condition. The Rigveda is the featured text of the School, although it presents Sacred Verses from any of the ancient religious texts of the world. The Sacred Teaching spread all over the world at one time and it appears in every ancient spiritual text, if one knows the code for translating. Although the teaching is quite different from the popular religions of today like Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, and so on, there is a consistent message of non-discrimination, non-violence, and caring for all God’s creatures.